Saturday, December 03, 2011

[Postoperative abdominal adhesions and their prevention in gynaecological surgery: I. What should you know?

Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2011 Nov 28. [Epub ahead of print]
[Postoperative abdominal adhesions and their prevention in gynaecological surgery: I. What should you know?]
[Article in French]
Audebert A, Darai E, Bénifla JL, Yazbeck C, Déchaud H, Wattiez A, Crowe A, Pouly JL.
SourceService d'endoscopie gynécologique, polyclinique de Bordeaux, 145, rue du Tondu, 33000 Bordeaux, France.

Adhesions are the most frequent complications of abdominopelvic surgery, causing important short- and long-term problems, including infertility, chronic pelvic pain and a lifetime risk of small bowel obstruction. They also complicate future surgery with increased morbidity and mortality risk. They pose serious quality of life issues for many patients with associated social and healthcare costs. Despite advances in surgical techniques, including laparoscopy, the healthcare burden of adhesion-related complications has not changed in recent years. Adhesiolysis remains the main treatment although adhesions reform in many patients. The extent of the problem of adhesions has been underestimated by surgeons and the health authorities. There is rising evidence however that surgeons can take important steps to reduce the impact of adhesions. As well as improvements in surgical technique, developments in adhesion-reduction strategies and new agents offer a realistic possibility of reducing adhesion formation and improving outcomes for patients. This paper is the first of a two-part publication providing a comprehensive overview of the evidence on adhesions to allow gynaecological surgeons to be best informed on adhesions, their development, impact on patients, health systems and surgical outcomes. In the second paper we review the various strategies to reduce the impact of adhesions and improve surgical outcomes to assist fellow surgeons in France to consider the adoption of adhesion reduction strategies in their own practice.

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